Sipcot Area - Community Environmental Monitors

Manali Consumer Awareness Welfare Association

122 Patashala Street, Manali, Chennai

Manali Air Not Fit to Breathe, Air Sample Reveals

Details of Sample and Sampling

  • A Tedlar bag sample was taken on 25 July 2005 at 7:30 pm from opposite the Futura Polymers gate near the graveyard, Manali North Madras, downwind of the company. Wind direction was towards south west, though the wind was very shifty. Given the high levels of prevalent air pollution from multiple sources, including other large sources like refineries, it is likely that Futura is not the only source of the chemicals found in the current sample.
  • Twelve chemicals were found: Hydrogen Sulphide, Carbon disulphide, ethanol, acetone, iso propyl alcohol, 2-butanone, n-hexane, benzene, toluene, ethyl benzene, m,p-xylenes and o-xylene.

For further details contact:
A.P. Ramalingam: 9381007267
Nityanand Jayaraman: 94440 82401

S No Chemical found Levels detected (ug/m3) Health based Screening levels (ug/m3) Number of times exceed the screening levels (approx) Odour Health
Effects
Target
Organs
Carcinogen
1. Hydrogen Sulphide 19.1 1.00 (US EPA Region 6 Screening Level) 19.1 A strong odour of rotten eggs Irritation eyes, respiratory system; convulsions; conjunctivitis, eye pain, dizziness, headache, weakness, exhaustion, irritability, gastrointestinal disturbance Eyes, respiratory system, central nervous system No
2. Carbon Disulphide 46.1 3 (Texas Long-Term Screening Levels) 15.3 A sweet ether-like odour Dizziness, headache, poor sleep, weakness, exhaustion, anxiety, weight loss; gastritis; kidney, liver injury; eye, skin burns; dermatitis; reproductive effects central nervous system, peripheral nervous system, cardiovascular system, eyes, kidneys, liver, skin, reproductive system No
3. Ethanol 180 A pungent, fruity odour Irritation eyes, nose, throat; eye, skin burns; dermatitis; conjunctivitis; cough; central nervous system depression;; in animals: kidney, reproductive, teratogenic effects; [potential occupational carcinogen] Eyes, skin, respiratory system, kidneys, central nervous system, reproductive system

Cancer Site [in animals: nasal cancer]

Yes
4. Acetone 3400 370 (EPA Region 6 Screening Level) 9.1 A fragrant, mint-like odour Irritation eyes, nose,

throat; headache, dizziness, central nervous system depression; dermatitis

Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system No
5. Isopropyl Alcohol 5.2 Odour of rubbing alcohol Irritation eyes, nose, throat; drowsiness, dizziness, headache; dry cracking skin Eyes, skin, respiratory system No
6. 2-Butanone

(Methyl Ethyl Ketone)

8.1 1000 (EPA Region 6 Screening Level) A moderately sharp, fragrant, mint- or acetone-like odour Irritation eyes, skin, nose; headache; dizziness; vomiting; dermatitis Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system No
7. n-Hexane 6.7 210 (EPA Region 6 Screening Level) A gasoline-like odour Irritation eyes, nose; nausea, headache; muscle weakness; dermatitis; dizziness Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system, peripheral nervous system No
8. Benzene 6.2 0.250 (EPA Region 6 Screening Level) 24.8 An aromatic odour Irritation eyes, skin, nose, dizziness; headache, nausea, exhaustion; bone marrow depression; [potential occupational carcinogen] Eyes, skin, respiratory system, blood, central nervous system, bone marrow

Cancer Site [leukaemia]

Yes
9. Toluene 520 400 (EPA Region 6 Screening Level) 1.3 A sweet, pungent, benzene-like odour Irritation eyes, nose; weakness, exhaustion, confusion, euphoria, dizziness, headache; discharge of tears; anxiety, muscle fatigue, insomnia; liver, kidney damage Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system, liver, kidneys No
10. Ethylbenzene 25 1100 (EPA Region 6 Screening Level) An aromatic odour. Irritation eyes, skin, mucous membrane; headache; coma Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system No
11. m,p- Xylenes 17 An aromatic odour. Irritation eyes, skin, nose, throat; dizziness, excitement, drowsiness, incoordination, staggering gait; nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain; dermatitis Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system, gastrointestinal tract, blood, liver, kidneys No
12. o-Xylene 6.4 730 (EPA Region 6 Screening Level) An aromatic odour. Irritation eyes, skin, nose, throat; dizziness, excitement, drowsiness, incoordination, staggering gait, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system, gastrointestinal tract, blood, liver, kidneys No

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